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Electoral Systems: A Comparative -

Electoral Systems: A Comparative Introduction

Electoral Systems examines the six principle types of electoral system currently in use in more than seventy of the world's democracies. A common format is adopted throughout, dealing with explanations of how the system operates and its effects on the political system.
The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems (Oxford -

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems (Oxford Handbooks)

No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before--and sometimes long after--they occur. Electoral systems, the rules about how voters' preferences are translated into election results, profoundly shape the results not only of individual elections but also of many other important political outcomes, including party systems, candidate selection, and policy choices. Electoral systems have been a hot topic in established democracies from the UK and Italy to New Zealand and Japan. Even in the United States, events like the 2016 presidential election and court decisions such as Citizens United have sparked advocates to promote change in the Electoral College, redistricting, and campaign-finance rules. Elections and electoral systems have also intensified as a field of academic study, with groundbreaking work over the past decade sharpening our understanding of how electoral systems fundamentally shape the connections among citizens, government, and policy. This volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems.
Electoral Systems and Democracy (A Journal of Democracy -

Electoral Systems and Democracy (A Journal of Democracy Book)

The newest volume in the acclaimed Journal of Democracy series addresses electoral systems and democracy. As the number of democracies has increased around the world, a heated debate has emerged among experts about which system best promotes the consolidation of democracy. Is proportional representation, a majoritarian system, a mixture of the two, or some other system the best for new democracies? This book compares the experiences of diverse countries, from Latin America to southern Africa, from Uruguay, Japan, and Taiwan to Israel, Afghanistan, and Iraq.Contributors: Joel D. Barkan, Jeffrey Cason, Adeed Dawisha, Larry Diamond, Andrew Ellis, Ken Gladdish, Donald Horowitz, Guy Lardeyret, Arend Lijphart, Jih-wen Lin, Emanuele Ottolenghi, Marc F. Plattner, Quentin L. Quade, Benjamin Reilly, Andrew Reynolds, David Samuels, Richard Snyder, Richard Soudriette, R. Kent Weaver
Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990 (Comparative -

Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990 (Comparative Politics)

The most fundamental element of representative democracy is the electoral system--translating citizens' votes into representatives' seats. Electoral systems are also the most practical and accessible instrument available to democratic reformers. This systematic and comprehensive study describes and classifies 70 electoral systems used by 27 democracies including those of Western Europe, the United States, Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, India, Israel, Japan, and New Zealand. Using comparative and statistical analysis of these systems, Arend Lijphart demonstrates the effect of the electoral formula used, the number of representatives elected per district, electoral thresholds, and five other key features of electoral systems on the proportionality of the election outcome, the degree of multipartisanism, and the creation of majority parties. In the process, he reveals that electoral systems are neither as diverse nor as complex as is usually assumed. The most definitive treatment of the subject since Rae's classic study in 1967, this book is based on more accurate and comprehensive data covering more countries and a longer time-span and uses stronger hypotheses and better analytical methods. The unique information and analysis it offers will make it essential reading for scholars an...
Capable Citizens and Improvident Democrats : The Scottish Electoral System -

Capable Citizens and Improvident Democrats : The Scottish Electoral System 1884-1929

Party Ballots, Reform, and the Transformation of America's Electoral -

Party Ballots, Reform, and the Transformation of America's Electoral System

This book explores the fascinating and puzzling world of nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century American elections. It examines the strategic behavior of nineteenth-century party politicians and shows how their search for electoral victory led them to invent a number of remarkable campaign practices. Why were parties dedicated to massive voter mobilization? Why did presidential nominees wage front-porch campaigns? Why did officeholders across the country tie their electoral fortunes to the popularity of presidential candidates at the top of the ticket? Erik J. Engstrom and Samuel Kernell demonstrate that the defining features of nineteenth-century electoral politics were the product of institutions in the states that prescribed how votes were cast and how those votes were converted into political offices. Relying on a century's worth of original data, this book uncovers the forces propelling the nineteenth-century electoral system, its transformation at the end of the nineteenth century, and the implications of that transformation for modern American politics.
Electoral Systems and Political Context: How the Effects of Rules Vary Across New and Established -

Electoral Systems and Political Context: How the Effects of Rules Vary Across New and Established Democracies

Electoral Systems and Political Context illustrates how political and social context conditions the effects of electoral rules. The book examines electoral behavior and outcomes in countries that use "mixed-member" electoral systems - where voters cast one ballot for a party list under proportional representation (PR) and one for a candidate in a single member district (SMD). Based on comparisons of outcomes under the two different rules used in mixed-member systems, the book highlights how electoral systems' effects - especially strategic voting, the number of parties, and women's representation - tend to be different in new democracies from what one usually sees in established democracies. Moreover, electoral systems such as SMDs are usually presumed to constrain the number of parties irrespective of the level of social diversity, but this book demonstrates that social diversity frequently shapes party fragmentation even under such restrictive rules.
Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice: Engineering Electoral -

Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice: Engineering Electoral Dominance

Amel Ahmed brings new historical evidence and a novel theoretical framework to bear on the study of democratization. Looking at the politics of electoral system choice at the time of suffrage expansion among early democratizers, she shows that the electoral systems used in advanced democracies today were initially devised as exclusionary safeguards to protect pre-democratic elites from the impact of democratization and, particularly, the existential threat posed by working class mobilization. The ubiquitous use and enduring nature of these safeguards calls into question the familiar picture of democracy moving along a path of increasing inclusiveness. Instead, what emerges is a picture that is riddled with ambiguity, where inclusionary democratic reforms combine with exclusionary electoral safeguards to form a permanent part of the new democratic order. This book has important implications for our understanding of the dynamics of democratic development both in early democracies and in emerging democracies today.
The Many Faces of Strategic Voting: Tactical Behavior in Electoral Systems Around the -

The Many Faces of Strategic Voting: Tactical Behavior in Electoral Systems Around the World

Voters do not always choose their preferred candidate on election day. Often they cast their ballots to prevent a particular outcome, as when their own preferred candidate has no hope of winning and they want to prevent another, undesirable candidate’s victory; or, they vote to promote a single-party majority in parliamentary systems, when their own candidate is from a party that has no hope of winning. In their thought-provoking book The Many Faces of Strategic Voting, Laura B. Stephenson, John H. Aldrich, and André Blais first provide a conceptual framework for understanding why people vote strategically, and what the differences are between sincere and strategic voting behaviors. Expert contributors then explore the many facets of strategic voting through case studies in Great Britain, Spain, Canada, Japan, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, and the European Union.
Electoral Systems: Proportional and Non Proportional Electoral -

Electoral Systems: Proportional and Non Proportional Electoral Systems

it is imperative to note that none of the electoral systems can fully satisfy the needs of all nations and electoral system success in circumstantial and contextual i.e. the category of electoral system that seems to be successful and representative is not applicable in all countries. Non proportional electoral systems also have their merits and need for adoption. The fact that they produce a clear winner may be viewed as a reason to avert political violence especially in immature democracies. Single governments without need for compromise or coalition may also prove vital in ensuring political stability of a country. Voters are also able to identify themselves with individuals rather than parties, exercising their support for individual policies rather than those of a group. Although political ideologies may be similar, individual implementation plans are required and this is what non proportional electoral systems provide i.e. a more personal feel to leadership. Non proportional systems are easily comprehensible and their electoral formulas simple enough. This can aid in ensuring voter participation and knowledge of how the system works hence a more absolute choice (international IDEA handbook of electoral system design 2004 p. 22). First past the Post (FPTP)Block VoteParty Blo...
Presidential Lottery : The Reckless Gamble in Our Electoral - Electoral Systems
Electoral Systems

Presidential Lottery : The Reckless Gamble in Our Electoral System

Electoral Systems : A Comparative - Electoral Systems
Electoral Systems

Electoral Systems : A Comparative Introduction

Electoral Systems : A Comparative - Electoral Systems
Electoral Systems

Electoral Systems : A Comparative Introduction

The importance of electoral system - - Electoral Systems
Electoral Systems

The importance of electoral system - eBook

Democratization of Kyrgyzstan through Reformation of the Electoral System - - Electoral Systems
Electoral Systems

Democratization of Kyrgyzstan through Reformation of the Electoral System - eBook

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The Problems with First Past the Post Voting Explained

Electoral Systems

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